Anne Sauvagnargues is Professor of Philosophy in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense. A specialist in aesthetics and the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze, she co-directs the collection ‘Lignes d’art’ with Fabienne Brugère for Presses Universitaires de France. She is the author of numerous works, including Deleuze and Art (Bloomsbury 2013), Artmachines: Deleuze, Guattari, Simondon (Edinburgh University Press 2016), and Deleuze. L’empirisme transcendental (Presses universitaires de France 2008, forthcoming with Edinburgh University Press).
Deleuze, Becomology and Multiplicities: Towards a New Conception of French Philosophy in the Twentieth Century
Taking over the Bergsonian distinction between a quantitative and discrete multiplicity, and a qualitative continuous multiplicity, Deleuze focuses on the problem of plurality and explores the conditions of a multiplicity in becoming, a multiplicity that is no longer composed by discrete unities. I will argue that this Deleuzian move implies a new path in philosophy, hostile to any type of phenomenology of consciousness (in so far as consciousness functions as a principle of unity and universalisation of experience). This shows the importance of two philosophers, Raymond Ruyer and Gilbert Simondon, who also take over the Bergsonian distinction between those two types of multiplicities: Ruyer, because he considers consciousness as a morphogenetic formation by auto-survey, and Simondon, who defines individuation as a metastable threshold between preindividual and transindividual. This will allow me to emphasise Deleuze’s renewal of the ancient question of the one and the multiple, involving a new definition of number, time and space though the Deleuzian distinction between the actual and the virtual.